Research Collaboration

Dr. Paul Wong

Calling Researchers, Postdocs, and Grad Students!

Dr. Paul Wong is looking for co-authors to help complete his research projects of creating and validating scales related to second wave positive psychology, meaning in life, and wellbeing. If you are interested, please email him directly at

Please note that becoming a member of the INPM (membership starts at $60 CAD for students) is a precondition to working with Dr. Wong. The support and collaboration of INPM members is deeply appreciated by Paul and makes a significant impact on meaning research and interventions. Learn more and become a member here

Dr. Paul T. P. Wong has devoted his entire adult life doing research on the important question: “How can we survive, thrive, and find happiness in a world full of suffering and evil?” Given his age and recurring cancer, he is eager to wrap up his research and writings within two years as a legacy not only to psychology but also to humanity.

Dr. Wong’s unfinished research projects include the following (click the link to ssee the measure):

1. Validating the Self-Transcendence Measure-Brief (STM-B) (see 2016a, b)

2. Validating the Mature Happiness Scale (MHS) (see 2018)

3. Validating the Life Orientation Scale (LOS), measuring meaning mindset (see 2012)

4. Developing measures for the CasMac model (courage, acceptance, self-transcendence, meaning-mindset, appreciation, and compassion) of flourishing in difficult times (see 2017a)

5. Developing the four-factor theory of true grit (see 2015, 2018)

6. Developing the Existential/Ultimate Meaning Scale (see 2017b)

7. Validating the Life Attitudes Scale (LAS) (see 2009)

8. Validating the PURE Test (purpose, understanding, responsibility, enjoyment)

9. Validating the Servant Leadership Profile-Revised (SLP-R)

10. Validating the Servant Leadership Profile-360 (SLP-360) (see Rude, 2004)

11. Validating the Objective Life Condition Assessment (OLCA) (as covariance in well-being and life satisfaction research)

12. Validating a two-factor theory of search for meaning that differentiates positive search for meaning (i.e., the search for one’s calling) from negative search for meaning (i.e., Why me? Why this?)

Dr. Wong has developed several widely used psychological tests, such as the Stress Appraisal Measure (SAM), the Death Attitude Profile-Revised (DAP-R), the Personal Meaning Profile (both the full and brief), the Servant Leadership Profile-Revised (SLP-R), and the Multidimensional Jealousy Scale (MJS). (Click here for full list of Dr. Wong’s psychological tests.)

There is every reason to believe that the above new measures, once validated and published, will also have an immense impact on psychology. Consistent with his past open science practice, the above measures will be freely available for all researchers and practitioners.

Dr. Wong has accomplished so much research and publication in the last ten years only with the help of a part-time research assistant (see Google Scholar). Just imagine how much more he could do with more research help, even with his declining health. He wants to wrap up his research in order to devote his remaining time to Christian ministry.


  1. McDonald, M. J., Wong, P. T. P., & Gingras, D. T. (2012). Meaning-in-life measures and development of a brief version of the Personal Meaning Profile. In P. T. P. Wong (Ed.), The human quest for meaning: Theories, research, and applications (2nd ed., pp. 357-382). New York, NY: Routledge.
  2. Peacock, E. J., & Wong, P. T. P. (1990). The Stress Appraisal Measure (SAM): A multidimensional approach to cognitive appraisalStress Medicine, 6(3), 227-236.
  3. Pfeiffer, S. M., & Wong, P. T. (1989). Multidimensional jealousyJournal of Social and Personal Relationships, 6(2), 181-196. doi:10.1177/026540758900600203
  4. Rude, W. (2004). The connection between servant leadership and job burnout (Doctoral diss.). Trinity Western University, Langley, BC, Canada
  5. Wong, P. T. P. (1998). Implicit theories of meaningful life and the development of the Personal Meaning Profile. In P. T. P. Wong, & P. Fry (Eds.), The human quest for meaning: A handbook of psychological research and clinical applications (pp. 111-140). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
  6. Wong, P. T. P. (2009). Viktor Frankl: Prophet of hope for the 21st century. In A. Batthyany, & J. Levinson (Eds.), Existential psychotherapy of meaning: Handbook of logotherapy and existential analysis. Phoenix, AZ: Zeig, Tucker & Theisen.
  7. Wong, P. T. P. (2012).  The meaning mindset: Measurement and implicationsInternational Journal of Existential Psychology and Psychotherapy, 4(1), 1-3.
  8. Wong, P. T. P. (2015). The positive psychology of grit: The defiant power of the Human Spirit. [Review of the movie Unbroken, directed by Angelina Jolie]. PsycCRITIQUES, 60(25).
  9. Wong, P. T. P. (2016a, June). Self-transcendence as the path to virtue, happiness and meaning Paper presented at the research working group meeting for Virtue, Happiness, and the Meaning of Life Project, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL.
  10. Wong, P. T. P. (2016b, December). From Viktor Frankl’s logotherapy to the four defining characteristics of self-transcendencePaper presented at the research working group meeting for Virtue, Happiness, and the Meaning of Life Project, Columbia, SC.
  11. Wong, P. T. P. (2017a, September 29). The courage to live well and die well. Keynote presented at the 2017 Life Education International Academic Conference at the National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Science, Taipei, Taiwan.
  12. Wong, P. T. P. (2017b, June 6). How to measure existential meaning. Dr. Paul T. P. Wong. Retrieved from
  13. Wong, P. T. P. [Paul]. (2018, March 31). From the perspective of PP 2.0, my research question on true grit is not, “Given the same talent, why are some more successful than others?” but “Given the same talent, why are only a few able to succeed against all odds?” [Facebook status update]. Retrieved from
  14. Wong, P. T. P. & Bowers, V. (2018). Mature happiness and global wellbeing in difficult times. In N. R. Silton (Ed.), Scientific concepts behind happiness, kindness, and empathy in contemporary society. Hershey, PA: IGI Global.
  15. Wong, P. T. P., & Page, D. (2003, October 16). Servant leadership: An Opponent-Process Model and the Revised Servant Leadership Profile. Address presented at the Servant Leadership Research Roundtable, School of Global Leadership & Entrepreneurship, Regent University, Virginia Beach, VA.
  16. Wong, P. T. P., Reker, G. T., & Gesser, G. (1994). Death Attitude Profile-Revised (DAP-R): A multidimensional measure of attitudes toward death. In R. A. Neimeyer (Ed.), Death anxiety handbook: Research, instrumentation, and application (pp. 121-148). Washington, DC: Taylor & Francis.
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